Evaluation of causative factors in amlodipine induced pedal edema

Shetty, Kiran Kumar and Shetty, Ranjan K and Rao, Pragna and Razak, Abdul and Deepak, * and Kiran, Amruth (2016) Evaluation of causative factors in amlodipine induced pedal edema. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 8 (11). pp. 303-306. ISSN 0975-1491

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Abstract

Objective: To study the edema causing factors in hypertensive, amlodipine-induced pedal edema patients. Methods: The present was a prospective, observational study. A total of one hundred and twenty-four essential hypertensive patients, of either gender attending the outpatient department of cardiology and medicine, were recruited for this study. Out of the 124 patients, 62 were of the amlodipine-induced pedal edema [AIPE] group and other 62 patients were amlodipine-treated non-edema [ATNE] group. All the patients were receiving a dosage of amlodipine 5 mg/day. All recruited patients completed the study. The present study conducted at Kasturba Hospital, Manipal. Results: The vanillyl mandelic acid (VMA) (mean±SD) 7.08±2.3 mg/24 h and 4.9±1.7 mg/24 h in AIPE and ATNE groups respectively. Blood pressure (BP) and VMA was higher in AIPE group than the ATNE group (p<0.001). Pulse rate (PR), serum proteins, creatinine, sodium, osmolality, did not show any significant difference between the two study groups. Conclusion: In essential hypertensive patients with AIPE group presented with a higher VMA level than the ATNE group. The elevated catecholamine’s possibly the causative factor for AIPE.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Calcium channel blocker; Amlodipine; Pedal edema; Causative factors.
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Manipal > Biochemistry
Medicine > KMC Manipal > Cardiology
Medicine > MMMC Manipal > Pharmacology
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 13 Mar 2017 06:40
Last Modified: 13 Mar 2017 06:40
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/148430

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