Oral Habits and Their Association with Signs and Symptoms of Temporo Mandibular Disorders: A Gender Comparison Study

Agrawal, Aparna and Ahmed, Junaid and Shenoy, Nandita and *, Almas Binnal and Sujir, Nanditha (2017) Oral Habits and Their Association with Signs and Symptoms of Temporo Mandibular Disorders: A Gender Comparison Study. Transylvanian Review, 25 (13). pp. 3748-3752. ISSN 12211249

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AIM: To assess the frequency and severity of the signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorders (TMD), the frequency of parafunctional oral habits and the correlation between the genders. METHODS: This was a cross sectional study in which 300 students (Age range18-25) were included from various educational institutions. The parafunctional habits and symptoms associated with TMD were first evaluated through a standardized questionnaire. This was followed by clinical examination of TMJ in accordance with the Research Diagnostic Criteria / TMD guidelines. RESULTS: Out of the 300 subjects included 124 were men and 176 were women. A total of 222 subjects had one or more parafunctional habits and total of 252 patients had signs /symptoms of TMD. According to the results from the nonparametric statistical analysis, the frequency for the following signs and symptoms was significant. The variable correlation analysis showed that there was a positive correlation between the presence of parafunctional habits,TMD and the prevalence was more among females. The Pearson chi-square test was used to establish the association between variables. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify the various habits affecting each of the signs and symptoms of TMD and correlate with gender. CONCLUSION: Parafunctional activities contribute significantly to the signs and symptoms of TMD and combined with the emotional state of the individual, and hence commonly seen among females.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Temporomandibular joint disorders. Signs and symptoms. parafunctional habits.
Subjects: Dentistry > MCODS Mangalore > Oral Medicine and Radiology
Depositing User: KMCMLR User
Date Deposited: 14 Mar 2017 06:17
Last Modified: 14 Mar 2017 06:17
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/148440

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