Novel Presentation of Uncommon Wrist Injury:Simultaneous Lunate and Perilunate Fracture Dislocation (scapho-capitate Syndrome) of Both Wrists

Bhat, Anil K and Nishanth, A and Acharya, Ashwath M and Kumar, Yogesh (2016) Novel Presentation of Uncommon Wrist Injury:Simultaneous Lunate and Perilunate Fracture Dislocation (scapho-capitate Syndrome) of Both Wrists. Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports, 6 (2). pp. 50-52. ISSN 2250-0685

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Abstract

Introduction: Perilunate and lunate dislocations are uncommon high energy injuries and have extensive soft tissue, cartilaginous and bony damage. The most common pattern is trans-scaphoid perilunate fracture dislocation which constitutes approximately 50% of these injuries. Unusual injury pattern like Scaphocapitate syndrome can occur with fracture through scaphoid waist and capitate that rotates the proximal capitate 180° so that its proximal articular surface points distally. With this case report, we would like to present a novel presentation of an uncommon wrist injury.Case report: We present a case of simultaneous lunate dislocation in one wrist and perilunate fracture dislocation (Scaphocapitate syndrome) in the contralateral wrist which occurred simultaneously in a young male following a two wheeler accident.The injury was missed initially at the primary treating centre. Upon diagnosis, the patient underwent open reduction and internal fixation along with ligament repair. The patient was subsequently followed up for a period of four years and was found to have very good clinical and radiological outcome.Conclusion: These injuries occurring simultaneously in contralateral wrists are exceptionally rare and unusual as the mechanisms of injury are different. These are high velocity injuries and are often missed, especially in presence of other major injuries. These high energy injuries need accurate diagnosis, early and aggressive treatment in order to prevent complications.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Perilunate dislocation; Scapho-capitate syndrome;Trans-scaphoid perilunate fracture dislocation
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Manipal > Orthopaedics
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 17 Mar 2017 04:19
Last Modified: 17 Mar 2017 04:19
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/148497

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