In Vitro and in Vivo Anticancer Studies of 2′-hydroxy Chalcone Derivatives Exhibit Apoptosis in Colon Cancer Cells by Hdac inhibition and Cell Cycle Arrest

Pande, Aditya Narayan and Biswas, Subhankar and Reddy, Neetinkumar D and Jayashree, BS and Kumar, Nitesh and Rao, Mallikarjuna C (2017) In Vitro and in Vivo Anticancer Studies of 2′-hydroxy Chalcone Derivatives Exhibit Apoptosis in Colon Cancer Cells by Hdac inhibition and Cell Cycle Arrest. EXCLI Journal, 16 (1). pp. 448-463. ISSN 1611-2156

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Abstract

Considering the therapeutic values of bioflavonoids in colon cancer treatment, six 2′-hydroxy chalcones (C1-C6) were synthesized, characterized and screened for in vitro cytotoxicity on human colon carcinoma (HCT116) and African green monkey kidney epithelial cells (Vero). Only C5 showed selective cytotoxicity against HCT116 cells.Other potent cytotoxic compounds were C1, C2 and C3. Further screening included enzyme inhibition studies on histone deacetylase (HDAC) enzyme where C1 showed lowest IC50 value (105.03 μM). Based on cytotoxicity data C1, C2 and C3 were selected for further in vitro mechanistic studies, namely apoptotic studies (Acridine orange/ Ethidium bromide (AO/EB) and Annexin V), cell cycle analysis using propidium iodide (PI) stain and in vivo anticancer efficacy in 1,2-dimethyl hydrazine (DMH) induced colorectal carcinoma in Wistar rats. The compounds induced apoptosis in more than 30 % cells in AO/EB and Annexin V staining. They also showed cell cycle arrest in G2/M phase with PI staining. They showed a significant reduction in aberrant crypt foci formation and adenocarcinoma count along with a significant (p<0.05) reduction in TNF-α levels as compared to DMH control at 100 mg/kg dose. Thus, it can be concluded that the synthesized 2′-hydroxychalcones were effective against colon adenocarcinoma in in vitro and in vivo studies.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Chalcones; Apoptosis; Cell cycle; HDAC; DMH; Colon cancer
Subjects: Pharmacy > MCOPS Manipal > Pharmaceutical Chemistry
Pharmacy > MCOPS Manipal > Pharmacology
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 19 Apr 2017 04:06
Last Modified: 19 Apr 2017 04:06
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/148730

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