Protective effect of metformin against tuberculosis infections in diabetic patients: An observational study of south Indian tertiary healthcare facility

Marupuru, Srujitha and Senapati, Padmanav and Pathadka, Swathi and Sonal, Sekhar M and Unnikrishnan, MK and Manu, Mohan K (2017) Protective effect of metformin against tuberculosis infections in diabetic patients: An observational study of south Indian tertiary healthcare facility. Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases, 21 (3). pp. 312-316. ISSN 1413-8670

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Abstract

Background: World Health Organization estimated that people with diabetes (DM) are at 2-3 times the higher risk for tuberculosis (TB). Studies have shown that DM not only increases the risk of active TB but, also puts co-affected person at increased risk of poor outcomes. Objectives: To determine the protective effect of metformin against TB in DM patients and also, to investigate the relationship between poor glycemic control and TB. Methods: A case-control study was conducted over 8 months, where cases and controls were selected based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria of the study. The diabetics diagnosed with TB were selected as study group (SG=152) and without TB were as control group (CG=299). Exposure status of metformin in both groups were analyzed. Results: The mean (SD) age of both CG and SG were 55.54±11.82 and 52.80±11.75, respectively. Majority of the subjects in the study were males. The mean hospital stay of SG and CG were 7 days and 6 days, respectively. Poor glycemic control (HbA1c>8) observed in SG (51.7%) vs CG (31.4%). HbA1c value <7 is associated protective factor for TB occurrence [OR=0.52 (95% CI 0.29-0.93)]. The protective effect of metformin against TB was 3.9-fold in diabetics (OR=0.256, 0.16-0.40). Conclusion: Poor glycemic control among diabetics is a risk factor for TB occurrence. The result shows metformin use is a protective agent against TB infection in diabetics. Hence, incorporation of metformin into standard clinical care would offer a therapeutic option for the prevention of TB.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Diabetes; Metformin; Tuberculosis prevention.
Subjects: Pharmacy > MCOPS Manipal > Pharmacy Practice
Medicine > KMC Manipal > Pulmonary Medicine
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 25 May 2017 03:54
Last Modified: 25 May 2017 03:54
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/148955

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