Factors that affect the Attitude of Dental Students towards People Living with HIV/AIDS

Thomas, Manuel S and Shenoy, Ramya (2017) Factors that affect the Attitude of Dental Students towards People Living with HIV/AIDS. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 8 (1). pp. 249-255. ISSN 09760245

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Abstract

Background: The purpose of this study was to determine the various factors that can affect the attitude of students in a dental college in India towards PLWHA. Materials and Methods: A cross sectional survey was conducted among undergraduate dental students, where they were asked to fill an anonymous questionnaire. Apart from the basic information, the questionnaire consisted of a VAS to evaluate the degree of fear of these students in treating PLWHA; questions to assess the attitude towards patients with HIV based on a five-point Likert response; and also closed-ended questions to grade the students’ knowledge about HIV infection. The data were then analyzed Student t test and ANOVA. A p-value of <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: An increased proportion of students with positive attitude where seen in the clinical group than the preclinical group [p=.001]. The attitude scores were significantly higher in students with minimal fear in treating patients with HIV/AIDS [p=.000] and those with good knowledge on HIV/AIDS [p=.001]. Conclusion: Hence within the limitations of this questionnaire study it can be assumed that the two independent factors that can affect the attitude of dental students towards PLWHA and influence their willingness to treat patients who are HIV positive are the level of knowledge on various aspects of HIV/AIDS and the degree of fear they have in treating HIV infected individuals.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Attitude, Dental students, Fear, HIV/ AIDS, Knowledge.
Subjects: Dentistry > MCODS Mangalore > Conservative Dentistry
Dentistry > MCODS Mangalore > Public Health Dentistry
Depositing User: KMCMLR User
Date Deposited: 15 Jun 2017 10:04
Last Modified: 15 Jun 2017 10:04
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/149063

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