Psychological impact of cancer diagnosis in newly diagnosed breast cancer patients

Shejila, CH and Pai, Mamatha Shivananda and Fernandes, Donald J and Mathew, Stanley and Chakrabarty, Jyothi and Devi, Elsa Sanatombi and George, Anice (2017) Psychological impact of cancer diagnosis in newly diagnosed breast cancer patients. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 8 (3). pp. 92-96. ISSN 0976-0245

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Abstract

Aim: The aim of the study was to examine the impact of cancer diagnosis on the psychological status of women with breast cancer, focusing on anxiety and psychological distress experienced by breast cancer patients. Materials and Method: A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted among 80 breast cancer patients after an initial cancer diagnosis by using purposive sampling. The study was conducted in a tertiary care hospital in South India. Data was collected by using Demographic and Clinical proforma, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and Impact of Event Scale. Sample characteristics were analyzed using descriptive statistics, the influence of anxiety on psychological distress was tested with correlation and a chi-square test was used to test the association between anxiety and distress with demographic and disease-related variables. Results: The sample consisted of 80 women with a mean age of 48.1 years. 96% were married, and 90% of them were housewives. Half of the subjects were educatedupto primary school. 80% were in stage II of cancer with a duration of diagnosis of 2-4 weeks.48% of the subjects were suffering from a moderate range of distress and 16% had severe psychological distress. Similarly, 80% of subjects had moderate to high level of anxiety. Anxiety did not have any influence on psychological distress. And only duration of diagnosis was associated with psychological distress. Conclusion: Results of the study suggest that cancer diagnosis can cause moderate to severe distress in breast cancer patients. Recognizing distress and intervening it on time is pivotal to improve treatment outcomes of women with breast cancer.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Anxiety; cancer diagnosis; psychological distress; quality of life.
Subjects: Nursing > MCON Manipal > Child Health
Nursing > MCON Manipal > Medical Surgical
Medicine > KMC Manipal > Radiotherapy and Oncology
Medicine > KMC Manipal > Surgery
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 04 Jul 2017 09:07
Last Modified: 04 Jul 2017 09:07
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/149255

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