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Effect of infrared light on live blood cells: Role of β-carotene

Barkur, Surekha and Bankapur, Aseefhali and Chidangil, Santhosh and Mathur, D (2017) Effect of infrared light on live blood cells: Role of β-carotene. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology, 171. pp. 104-116. ISSN 1011-1344

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Abstract

We have utilized Raman tweezers to measure and assign micro-Raman spectra of optically trapped, live red blood cells (RBCs), white blood cells (WBCs) and platelets. Various types of WBCs- both granulocytes, lymphocytes, and their different types have been studied. The Raman bands are assigned to different biomolecules of blood cells. The Raman spectra thus obtained has been enabled detection of β-carotene in these blood cells, the spectral features of which act as a signature that facilitates experimental probing of the effect of 785nm laser light on different blood cells as a function of incident laser power in the mW range. The spectral changes that we obtain upon laser irradiation indicate that, both haemoglobin as well as the cell membrane sustains damage. In case of lymphocytes and platelets the peaks corresponding to β-carotene showed drastic changes. Thorough analysis of the spectral changes indicates possibility of free radical induced damage of β-carotene in lymphocytes and platelets. Among different blood cells, RBCs have a power threshold of only 10mW. The power threshold for other types of blood cells is somewhat higher, but always below about 30mW. These values are likely to serve as useful guides for Raman tweezers based experiments on live cells.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Beta carotene; Blood cells; Laser radiation; Raman tweezers.
Subjects: Departments at MU > Atomic Molecular Physics
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 06 Jul 2017 06:30
Last Modified: 06 Jul 2017 06:30
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/149272

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