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Buccal epithelial micronucleus assay - A predictor of DNA damage in smokers with respiratory illness and carcinoma

D'Souza, Ann and D’Souza, Antony Sylvan and Prasanna, LC (2017) Buccal epithelial micronucleus assay - A predictor of DNA damage in smokers with respiratory illness and carcinoma. Biomedicine, 37 (1). 079-083. ISSN 0970-2067

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Abstract

Introduction and Aim: Micronucleus (MN) is a chromatin mass formed by the chromosomal breakage or segregation that can be detected in exfoliated buccal epithelial cells. This damage is directly proportional to the frequency and duration of exposure to various genotoxins. The present study aimed at evaluating the impact of cigarette smoking on cytogenetic damage through the MN assay. Materials and Methods: Four groups were included for examination. Each group comprising of 25 subjects each for nonsmokers, smokers with respect to duration and frequency of smoking, smokers with respiratory illness and smokers with oral and lung cancers. Under aseptic precautions, buccal epithelial cells were scrapped, centrifuged and stained by using Giemsa solution. Cells were analyzed for the presence/absence and the number ofMN in each slide. Results: Increase in the presence of micronuclei is seen in smokers with cancerous lesions and underlying respiratory illness than in non-smokers. Conclusion: The presence of micronuclei in buccal cells may be used as a caution to smokers for the associated increased risk for cancers of oral and lung and respiratory illness.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Smokers; carcinogens; buccal mucosa; micronucleus.
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Manipal > Anatomy
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 26 Jul 2017 09:05
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2017 09:05
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/149420

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