Hazards and health risks encountered by manual sand dredgers from Udupi, India: A Cross-Sectional study

Mohapatra, Sidhiprada and Shaikh, Alfiya and Nayak, Priyanka and Navada, Rajesh (2017) Hazards and health risks encountered by manual sand dredgers from Udupi, India: A Cross-Sectional study. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, 11 (7). LC11-LC17. ISSN 0973-709X

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Introduction: Globalization and urbanization have resulted in an increased demand on sand dredging. Legal and environmental restrictions on automated dredging have led to a rise in manual technique. The working techniques and environment involved in manual sand dredging may expose the workers to multiple work related disorders. Aim: To determine the health risks and occupational hazards involved in manual sand dredging. Materials and Methods: An assessment schedule was developed and content was validated by five experts for the study. A cross-sectional study was then conducted using this assessment schedule. Thirty manual sand dredgers were recruited from three randomly selected docks on Swarna riverbed in Udupi district, Karnataka, India. A detailed work and worksite assessments were conducted using systematic observation and close-ended questions. Work-related health risk evaluation included onsite-evaluation and self-reported health complains. Results: The prevalence of musculoskeletal pain and discomfort was 93.34% with lower back (70%), shoulder (56.7%) and neck (46.7%) involvements being most common regions. Prevalence of sensory deficits at multiple site and ear pain was 66.6% and 76.6% respectively. All the workers recruited, complained of dermatological and ophthalmic involvements. Also, lack of health and safety measures like personal protective devices and security schemes were identified. Conclusion: This study shows a high prevalence of multiple work-related disorders and hazards involved in manual sand dredging, a highly demanding job in coastal Karnataka. Lack of health and safety measures were also identified.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Mining; musculoskeletal; occupation; prevalence; unorganized; workers.
Subjects: Allied Health > Mangalore Campus > Physiotherapy
Allied Health > MCOAHS Manipal > Physiotherapy
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 31 Jul 2017 04:05
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2017 04:05
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/149443

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