A new chitosan biopolymer derivative for the removal of copper (ii) and lead (ii) fromaqueous solutions: synthesis, characterization and adsorption studies

Prabhu, Balakrishna K and Saidutta, M B and Isloor, Arun M and Kamath, Girish (2017) A new chitosan biopolymer derivative for the removal of copper (ii) and lead (ii) fromaqueous solutions: synthesis, characterization and adsorption studies. Jurnal Teknologi (Sciences and Engineering), 79 (6). pp. 1-9. ISSN 0127-9696

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Abstract

A new chitosan derivative was prepared by grafting a ligand [3-(4methoxyphenyl)-1Hpyrazole- 4-carbaldehyde] to chitosan by a Schiff base reaction. The chitosan-ligand derivative (CTSL) was characterized by spectral studies (FT-IR, 13C NMR, XRD) and scanning electronic microscope. The suitability of CTSL as an adsorbent for the removal of two metals viz. Cu (II) and Pb (II) was studied by conducting equilibrium, kinetic and thermodynamic studies. Experimental data obtained in equilibrium studies were analyzed for Langmuir, Freundlich, and Redlich-Peterson isotherms. The maximum monolayer adsorption capacity obtained for the two metals were CTSL-Cu (40.62 mg/g) and CTSL-Pb (71.99 mg/g). The data obtained from the kinetic study was analyzed with three models viz. pseudo-first order, pseudo-second order and intraparticle diffusion models. The pseudo-second-order rate equation fitted the experimental data very well. Thermodynamic parameters ΔG, ΔH and ΔS were determined. The sorption operation was feasible, exothermic and accompanied with a positive increase in entropy. The metal interactions with the adsorbent were attributed to the hydroxyl, imine and the amine groups present in the synthesized derivative

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Chitosan derivative, adsorption, Schiff base, pyrazole ring, metal removal
Subjects: Engineering > MIT Manipal > Chemical
Depositing User: MIT Library
Date Deposited: 08 Sep 2017 09:22
Last Modified: 08 Sep 2017 09:22
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/149650

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