Effect of Preoperative Education on Postoperative Outcomes Among Patients Undergoing Cardiac Surgery: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Ramesh, C and Nayak, Baby S and Pai, Vasudev Baburaya and Patil, Nitin T and George, Anice and George, Linu Sara and Devi, Elsa Sanatombi (2017) Effect of Preoperative Education on Postoperative Outcomes Among Patients Undergoing Cardiac Surgery: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing, 32 (6). pp. 518-529. ISSN 1089-9472

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Abstract

Purpose: The objective of this review was to assess the effect of preoperative education on postoperative outcomes among patients undergoing cardiac surgery.Design: Systematic review and meta-analysis.Methods: A comprehensive literature search was made on PubMed,CINAHL, Ovid, ProQuest, ScienceDirect, Scopus, Web of Science, and the Cochrane database between 1995 and 2015. Fourteen randomized controlled trials were included. Data analysis was performed with Rev-Man software and created the Supplementary Appendix using the GRADE approach.Findings: Meta-analysis showed that preoperative education reduced anxiety scores (standardized mean difference 5 20.96, 95% confidence interval: 21.37, 20.54; P , .0001). However, there was no significant effect of preoperative education on pain, depression, and length of hospital stay. There is low- uality evidence, and reasons for downgrading are due to study design limitations, inconsistency, and imprecision of effect estimates.Conclusions: The results show that preoperative education can effectively decrease anxiety in patients undergoing cardiac surgery

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Patient education; Cardiac surgery; Anxiety; Pain; Review; Meta-analysis
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Manipal > Anaesthesiology
Medicine > KMC Manipal > Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery
Nursing > MCON Manipal > Child Health
Nursing > MCON Manipal > Fundamentals of Nursing
Nursing > MCON Manipal > Medical Surgical
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 04 Dec 2017 04:25
Last Modified: 04 Dec 2017 04:25
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/150110

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