Effectiveness of an educational program to promote pesticide safety among pesticide handlers of South India

Sam, Kishore Gnana and Andrade, Hira Hilda and Pradhan, Lisa and Pradhan, Abhishek and Sones, Shashi J and Rao, Padma GM and Christopher, Sudhakar (2008) Effectiveness of an educational program to promote pesticide safety among pesticide handlers of South India. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, 81. pp. 787-795.

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Abstract

Objectives Occupational poisoning with pesticides is common in developing countries because farmers are often under trained, illiterate and consider it impractical and expensive to use safety equipment, especially in tropical climates. Greater beneWt of education programs on prevention can be obtained if initiated in areas having higher occurrence of poisoning. Hence, the present study evaluated occurrence of poisoning and eVectiveness of educational interventions among pesticide handlers in areas having high occurrence of occupational poisoning. Methods Two villages of Udupi district of South India were identiWed by spot mapping and targeted for a public education program on safe handling of pesticides, the impact of which was assessed using a knowledge attitude and practice (KAP) questionnaire. Education was provided using a structured individualized training program to 74 pesticide handlers. Three point KAP assessments were carried out at baseline, immediately after training and after 1 month of training. Nonparametric Kruskal–Wallis tests and Friedmann tests were used to compare scores at diVerent time points and between groups. Results Occurrence of occupation related poisoning was 33% and common in three villages of the district. The average baseline KAP score of 30.88 § 10.33 improved after education signiWcantly (P < 0.001) at Wrst follow-up 45.03 § 9.16 and at second follow-up 42.9 § 9.54. A decline of score between the Wrst and second follow-up may be attributed to decline in knowledge retention. Demographics like gender, literacy and presence of children aVected KAP score and there was no inXuence of geography, age or frequency of pesticide use. Conclusions Educational intervention among pesticide handlers improved the KAP score for safe pesticide handling. We recommend that continuous education and training programs for agricultural workers will promote awareness and minimize the hazards of occupational pesticide exposure.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Occupation pesticide safety ; Education program ; Knowledge attitude and practice-KAP.
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Manipal > Community Medicine
Pharmacy > MCOPS Manipal > Pharmacy Practice
Medicine > KMC Manipal > Pharmacology
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2017 04:51
Last Modified: 14 Dec 2017 04:51
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/150261

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