Impact of health education in raising community awareness on flood preparedness

Soans, Shashi J (2011) Impact of health education in raising community awareness on flood preparedness. Review of Global Medicine and Healthcare Research, 2 (1). pp. 29-57. ISSN 1986-5872

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Background: In India, 168 floods have been reported from 1980-2008, occurring at a frequency of 5.79 per year. Karnataka’s total coastline of 280km is often struck, more severely Dakshina Kannada and Udupi coasts. In Udupi District, from April 2009 - April 2010, 14 lives have been lost, 408 hectares of crop area and 668 houses were damaged. Because of the causal link between people being aware of a hazard and acting appropriately, an education program will be useful in increasing the resourcefulness of the community in the event of a flood. Aims and Objectives: (a) To determine existing awareness about flood preparedness; (b) To significantly increase public awareness of flood risk; (c) To determine impact and effectiveness of health education on the community; (d) To identify any possible risks or vulnerability of the community to the hazards of flood. Methodology: The study subjects chosen (sample size of 55) were the population from flood prone areas of Heroor and Uppoor, Udupi Taluk. They were addressed at their monthly meeting where a questionnaire was used to assess the community’s vulnerability and concern about the risk of flood, and existing awareness on flood preparedness measures. Following this, a community flood education program (which included a talk, a Microsoft PowerPoint Presentation, and a short interactive session) was implemented. The data has been summarized using proportions. The impact of the intervention has been analysed using Paired Sample T Test. Results: (a) The pre-test determined a baseline awareness score of 5.87 (39.2%); (b) The post-test gave an awareness score of 11.62 (77.5%); (c) The improvement was by 5.75 (38.3%) which was found to be statistically significant (p<0.001). Conclusion: The study was able to determine the community’s pre-existing awareness level and through the flood education program, improve on it. The community was found to be highly vulnerable to floods due to lack of acquaintance with flood preparedness measures and the number of dependents.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Awareness; community; education flood; mitigation; preparedness.
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Manipal > Community Medicine
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 18 Dec 2017 05:47
Last Modified: 18 Dec 2017 05:47

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