Helicobacter pylori in dyspepsia: phenotypic and genotypic methods of diagnosis

Shetty, Vignesh and Ballal, Mamatha and Balaraju, Girisha and Shetty, Shiran and Pai, Ganesh C and Ramachandra, L (2017) Helicobacter pylori in dyspepsia: phenotypic and genotypic methods of diagnosis. Journal of Global Infectious Diseases, 9 (4). pp. 131-134. ISSN 0974-777X

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Abstract

Background: Helicobacter pylori affects almost half of the world’s population and therefore is one of the most frequent and persistent bacterial infections worldwide. H. pylori is associated with chronic gastritis, ulcer disease (gastric and duodenal), mucosa‑associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma, and gastric cancer. Several diagnostic methods exist to detect infection and the option of one method or another depends on various genes, such as availability, advantages and disadvantages of each method, monetary value, and the age of patients. Materials and Methods: Patients with complaints of abdominal pain, discomfort, acidity, and loss of appetite were chosen for endoscopy, detailed history was contained, and a physical examination was conducted before endoscopy. Biopsies (antrum + body) were received from each patient and subjected to rapid urease test (RUT), histopathological examination (HPE), polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and culture. Results: Of the total 223 biopsy specimens obtained from dyspeptic patients, 122 (54.7%) were positive for H. pylori for HPE, 109 (48.9%) by RUT, 65 (29.1%) by culture, and 117 (52.5%) by PCR. The specificity and sensitivity were as follows: RUT (99% and 88.5%), phosphoglucosamine mutase PCR assay (100% and 95.9%), and culture (100% and 53.3%), respectively. Conclusion: In this study, we compared the various diagnostic methods used to identify H. pylori infection indicating that, in comparison with histology as gold standard for detection of H. pylori infection, culture and PCR showed 100% specificity whereas RUT and PCR showed 99% and 100% sensitivity, respectively.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biopsy; culture; diagnosis; Helicobacter pylori; histopathology; phosphoglucosamine mutase gene; rapid urease test.
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Manipal > Gastroenterology
Medicine > KMC Manipal > Microbiology
Medicine > KMC Manipal > Surgery
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 18 Dec 2017 06:18
Last Modified: 18 Dec 2017 06:18
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/150289

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