A cross - sectional study on nutritional status of children in the field practice area of a medical college

Soans, Shashi J and Pai, RP and Kamath, Asha (2012) A cross - sectional study on nutritional status of children in the field practice area of a medical college. In: Millennium Development Goals Related to Reproductive Health: Status, Challenges and Future Directions, 18 - 21 March 2012, Mumbai, India.

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Abstract

Adequate nutrition is essential for children’s health and development. Globally it is estimated that under-nutrition is responsible, directly or indirectly, for atleast 35 per cent of deaths among children who are under five years of age. Unless massive improvements in child nutrition are made, it will be difficult to achieve the targets set in the Millennium Development Goals 1 and 4 by 2015. Thus, seeing the magnitude of the problem, it becomes imperative that studies be carried out to gain a deeper understanding of the factors affecting the nutritional status of children. The objectives of the study were to: i) assess the nutritional status of children less than three years by anthropometric measurements such as weight and height; and ii) study the association of the nutritional status in relation to the age, gender, occupation, socio-economic status, infant feeding, child feeding practices and the immunization status. This is a cross-sectional study done in the field practice area of the Department of Community Medicine with a sample of 974 children aged less than three years.Among the study population, the prevalence of stunting, wasting and stunting and wasting was found to be 28.1 per cent, 16.1 per cent and 7.7 per cent respectively. The higher prevalence of malnutrition was observed among children belonging to a lower socio-economic status, who had low birth weight, as well as faulty feeding practices afterwards and, children who did not receive Vitamin A prophylaxis appropriately for their age. The overall prevalence of malnutrition among the study subjects is lower than the prevalence reported by the National Family Health Survey 3 (NFHS 2005-06). Programmes must be undertaken to impart nutritional education to parents. A monthly “Nutrition Day” can be held for the malnourished children in the field practice area.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Manipal > Community Medicine
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 18 Dec 2017 06:08
Last Modified: 18 Dec 2017 06:08
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/150291

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