Comparative evaluation of antifungal action of tea tree oil, chlorhexidine gluconate and fluconazole on heat polymerized acrylic denture base resin – an in vitro study

Dalwai, Sameen and Rodrigues, Shobha J. and Baliga, Shrikala and Shenoy, Vidya K. and Shetty, Thilak B. and Pai, Umesh Y. and Saldanha, Sharon (2016) Comparative evaluation of antifungal action of tea tree oil, chlorhexidine gluconate and fluconazole on heat polymerized acrylic denture base resin – an in vitro study. Gerodontology, 33 (3). pp. 402-409. ISSN The Gerodontology Society and John Wiley & Sons

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Abstract

Comparative evaluation of antifungal action of tea tree oil, chlorhexidine gluconate and fluconazole on heat polymerized acrylic denture base resin – an in vitro study Objective: Candida albicans-associated denture stomatitis is the most common type of denture stomatitis seen in denture wearers. This study evaluates and compares the antifungal action of fluconazole, chlorhexidine gluconate and tea tree oil on heat-polymerised denture base resin, which has been previously contaminated with C. albicans grown in BHI broth. Material and Methods: Seventy-five specimens were immersed in BHI broth previously inoculated with C. albicans and stored for 3 h at 37°C. They were divided into five groups (n = 15): G1: 2% chlorhexidine solution; G2: 100% pure pharmaceutical grade tea tree oil; G3: 65 lg/ml fluconazole solution; C1: specimens not disinfected; C2: specimens not contaminated with Candida. Each specimen was then transferred to individual tubes containing BHI broth and incubated for 24 h. Culture media turbidity was evaluated for absorbance over a period of 14 days using a microplate reader. It was observed that the lower the absorbance, the stronger the antimicrobial action. Statistical analysis was performed (twoway ANOVA and Bonferroni test, p < 0.001). Results: Chlorhexidine and tea tree oil inhibited Candida up to the 14th day, whereas antifungal effect of fluconazole was not significant after the 7th day. Conclusion: Tea tree oil and chlorhexidine gluconate are more effective than fluconazole in inhibiting C. albicans growth on heat-polymerised acrylic resin.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: denture stomatitis, denture cleansers, Tea tree oil, Melaleuca alternifolia.
Subjects: Dentistry > MCODS Mangalore > Prosthodontics
Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Microbiology
Depositing User: KMCMLR User
Date Deposited: 22 Feb 2018 09:19
Last Modified: 22 Feb 2018 09:19
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/150634

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