A combined experimental and computational investigation of solvatochromism of nonpolar laser dyes: Evaluation of ground and singlet excited-state dipole moments

Steffi, B and Varsha, H and Kavita, B and Santhosh, C and Patil, Ajeetkumar (2017) A combined experimental and computational investigation of solvatochromism of nonpolar laser dyes: Evaluation of ground and singlet excited-state dipole moments. Journal of Molecular Liquids, 244. pp. 453-463. ISSN 0167-7322

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Abstract

In the present work, the solvatochromism of two large nonpolar laser dyes Exalite 384 (E384) and Exalite 416 (E416) has been studied both experimentally and computationally. The steady state absorption and fluorescence spectra have been measured in a series of polar protic, polar aprotic and non-polar/weakly polar solvents to investigate their solvatochromism and determine dipole moments. Various solvent correlation techniques, like Lippert–Mataga, Bilot–Kawski, Kawski–Chamma–Viallet, Bakhshiev and Reichardt methods were used to evaluate the singlet excited and ground state dipole moments. Kamlet–Taft and Catalan solvent parameterswere used by means ofmultiple linear regression (MLR) method to analyze specific and non-specific solute-solvent interactions. Computational studies were carried out to optimize ground and excited state geometries using density functional theory (DFT) and time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT), respectively, in vacuum. This study also extends to evaluate the electronic transition energies from ground to first electronic excited state of solvated laser dyes employing semiempirical wave function model. In particular, the semiempirical method ZINDO has been combined with integral equation formalism of polarizable continuum model (IEF-PCM) to calculate solute-solvent interaction potential which is comparatively studied with ET(30) polarity scale along with experimental. The intramolecular charge transfer and hybridization is demonstrated by natural bond orbital analysis (NBO). The ground (μg) and excited state dipole moments (μe) of these dyes computed and those determined experimentally are compared and the results are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Exalite laser dyes ; ZINDO-PCM ; Natural bond orbital ; Dipole moments ; Solvatochromism ; DFT and TD-DFT.
Subjects: Departments at MU > Atomic Molecular Physics
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 28 Feb 2018 10:45
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2018 10:45
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/150647

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