Thromboprophylaxis with dabigatran after total hip arthroplasty in Indian patients: A subanalysis of a double-blind, doubledummy, randomized RE-NOVATE II study

Malhotra, Rajesh and Babhulkar, Sushrut and Sanjib, Kumar Behera and Clemens, Andreas and Dadi, Akhil and Iyer, Rajagopalan and Kamath, Surendra and Mody, Bharat and Mutha, Satish and Reddy, Gurava and Shah, Vikram and Shah, Vrajesh and Shetty, Naresh and Tapasvi, Sachin and Wadhwa, Manuj (2017) Thromboprophylaxis with dabigatran after total hip arthroplasty in Indian patients: A subanalysis of a double-blind, doubledummy, randomized RE-NOVATE II study. Asian Journal of Surgery, 40 (2). pp. 145-151. ISSN 10159584

[img] PDF
1-s2.0-S1015958415001475-main.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (251kB) | Request a copy

Abstract

Summary Objective: In the Re-NOVATE II study, oral dabigatran provided thromboprophylaxis after total hip arthroplasty and improved compliance postdischarge in a global population. This article aims to identify trends (if any) in the Indian population Methods: In this prospective, double-blind, double-dummy study, patients scheduled for primary, unilateral, elective total hip arthroplasty were randomized to 220 mg oral dabigatran once daily, starting with a 110 mg half-dose, 1e4 hours after surgery, or subcutaneous enoxaparin 40 mg once daily, starting the evening before surgery. Each group received a placebo of the other study drug. The primary efficacy outcome was the composite of total venous thromboembolism (VTE) and all-cause mortality. Secondary outcome measures were composite of major VTE and VTE-related mortality during the treatment period. The major safety outcome was incidence of bleeding events. Results: Of the 179 Indian patients randomized, 91 received oral dabigatran and 88 received subcutaneous enoxaparin for 28e35 days. Total VTE and all-cause mortality occurred in 18.7% of patients in the dabigatran group and 13.7% in the enoxaparin group [odds ratio Z 1.4 (95% confidence interval 0.6, 3.5)]. Major VTE and VTE-related mortality was numerically lower in the dabigatran group (7.9%) compared with the enoxaparin group (9.9%). Safety outcomes were comparable between both groups. Conclusion: Dabigatran is an effective oral alternative to enoxaparin for thromboprophylaxis as demonstrated by the RE-NOVATE II study global results. Data analyzed in Indian patients indicate comparable effects of dabigatran etexilate for major efficacy and safety outcomes.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: dabigatran etexilate; enoxaparin
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Orthopaedics
Depositing User: KMCMLR User
Date Deposited: 19 Mar 2018 06:57
Last Modified: 19 Mar 2018 06:57
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/150795

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item