Full Factorial Experimental Design for Development and Validation of a RP-HPLC Method for Estimation of Letrozole in Nanoformulations

Hegde, Aswathi R and Managuli, Renuka S and Naha, Anup and Koteshwara, Kunnatur B and Reddy, Sreenivasa M and Mutalik, Srinivas (2018) Full Factorial Experimental Design for Development and Validation of a RP-HPLC Method for Estimation of Letrozole in Nanoformulations. Current Pharmaceutical Analysis, 14 (3). pp. 320-330.

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Background: Letrozole (LTZ) is a potent aromatase inhibitor which blocks estrogen synthesis in post-menopausal women. Suitable analytical methods are required to quantify letrozole in bulk and its nanoformulations. Hence a sensitive and robust reverse-phase high performance liquid chromatographic method (RP-HPLC) was developed for the estimation of LTZ.Methods: The method was developed using Kinetex C18 column (250 mm�4.6 mm; 5�) and mobile phase comprising acetonitrile (ACN): acetate buffer (pH 4.5) mixture (50:50% v/v) was used to affect the chromatographic separation at 0.8 mL/min flow rate. The responses were measured at 240 nm.Force degradation studies were done by exposing LTZ to acid- and alkali-induced hydrolysis, oxidation (H2O2), thermal and photolysis. Two-level factorial design was used to validate the method as per ICH Q2 (R1) using Design-Expert® software. The effects of independent variables on flow rate, pH, acetonitrile content and column temperature were recorded as responses.Results: Method was linear over the concentration range of 5-2500 ng/mL with a correlation coefficient (R2) of 1.000. Force degradation studies revealed that LTZ was stable to all stress agents except the basic conditions. The inter-day precision results were reproducible with relative standard deviation (% RSD) of 0.078. The peak area RSD and mean recovery of LTZ was found to be <1.0% and 99 102% in drug solution and <1.0% and 98-106% in nanoformulations respectively. Deliberate changes in independent chromatographic parameters analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) indicated that the model was significant (p<0.0001).Conclusion: The developed analytical method was successfully utilized to quantify LTZ in bulk and its nanoformulations.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Optimization; Validation; High performance liquid chromatography; Factorial design; Letrozole; Nanoformulations
Subjects: Pharmacy > MCOPS Manipal > Pharmaceutics
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 26 May 2018 04:12
Last Modified: 26 May 2018 04:12
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/151142

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