Neuroprotective role of N-acetylcysteine against learning deficits and altered brain neurotransmitters in rat pups subjected to prenatal stress

Bernhardt, Liegelin Kavitha (2018) Neuroprotective role of N-acetylcysteine against learning deficits and altered brain neurotransmitters in rat pups subjected to prenatal stress. Brain Sciences, 8 (7). pp. 1-13.

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Abstract

Prenatal adversaries like stress are known to harm the progeny and oxidative stress, which is known to be one of the causative factors. N-acetyl cysteine (NAC), which is a potent antioxidant, has been shown to play a neuroprotective role in humans and experimental animals. This study examines the benefits of NAC on the prenatal stress-induced learning and memory deficits and alteration in brain neurotransmitter in rat pups. Pregnant dams were restrained (45 min; 3 times/day) during the early or late gestational period. Other groups received early or late gestational restrain stress combined with NAC treatment throughout the gestational period. At postnatal day (PND) 28, offspring were tested in a shuttle box for assessing learning and memory, which was followed by a brain neurotransmitter (dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin) estimation on PND 36. Late gestational stress resulted in learning deficits, the inability to retain the memory, and reduced brain dopamine content while not affecting norepinephrine and serotonin. NAC treatment in prenatally stressed rats reversed learning and memory deficits as well as brain dopamine content in offspring. These findings suggest that NAC protect the progeny from an undesirable cognitive sequel associated with prenatal stress.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Brain neurotransmitters; N-acetylcysteine; learning and memory; prenatal stress.
Subjects: Medicine > MMMC Manipal > Physiology
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 11 Jul 2018 04:02
Last Modified: 11 Jul 2018 04:02
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/151551

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