Severity and clinical consequences of untreated dental caries using PUFA index among schoolchildren in Udupi Taluk, India

Singhal, Deepak Kumar and Singla, Nishu (2018) Severity and clinical consequences of untreated dental caries using PUFA index among schoolchildren in Udupi Taluk, India. Journal of Orofacial Sciences, 10 (1). pp. 19-23. ISSN 09758844

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Abstract

Background: Data on dental decay using the Decayed, Missing, Filled teeth (DMFT/dmft) index provides information on caries and treatment experiences only, but fails to give information on clinical consequences of untreated dental caries. Aim: The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence and clinical consequences of untreated dental caries using Pulp, Ulceration, Fistula, Abscess (PUFA) index among schoolchildren. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional survey of 957 schoolchildren, aged 6–15 years in Udupi taluk was conducted. Caries experience was evaluated according to World Health Organization (WHO) criteria, 1997 (DMFT/dmft index) and clinical consequences of untreated dental caries by PUFA/pufa index. Results: The results showed that 77.3% of 6–10 years old children had caries (mean dmft score: 3.30 ± 2.9, mean DMFT score: 0.26 ± 0.7), 47.3% showed clinical consequences of untreated caries (mean pufa score: 1.30 ± 1.9, mean PUFA score: 0.03 ± 0.2) and 26.8% reported pain. In 11–15 years old children, 55.6% had caries (mean dmft score: 0.36 ± 0.9, mean DMFT score: 1.04 ± 1.4), 18% showed prevalence of pulpal involvement (mean pufa score: 0.15 ± 0.5, mean PUFA score: 0.14 ± 0.4) and 11.6% reported pain. Statistical analysis revealed a strong relation between DMFT/dmft and PUFA/pufa in both age groups. Conclusion: The present study revealed negligence in the dental treatment of children resulting in pulpal involvement. This index is a valuable measurement tool to record clinical consequences of untreated dental caries.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Clinical consequences of untreated caries; dental caries; PUFA index; schoolchildren; untreated caries.
Subjects: Dentistry > MCODS Manipal > Preventive and Community Dentistry
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 01 Aug 2018 05:58
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2018 05:58
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/151666

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