Evaluation of Adverse Drug Reaction Profile of Drugs Used as First-Line Antiretroviral Therapy

Chowta, Mukta N and Kamath, Priyanka and *, John T Ramapuram and Shenoy, Ashok K and Hadigal, Sanjay (2018) Evaluation of Adverse Drug Reaction Profile of Drugs Used as First-Line Antiretroviral Therapy. Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Infectious Diseases, 2018. pp. 1-7.

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Background and Objectives. The objective was to study the adverse drug reaction (ADR) profile in HIV patients receiving first-line antiretroviral therapy. Methods. This was a prospective, observational study that included 171 HIV patients with a follow-up at six months. Demographic details, medical history, details of HIV infection including most recent CD4 count, details of antiretroviral therapy, and other concomitant medication were recorded. Adverse drug reactions were elicited by reviewing patient records and also by interviewing the patient/attendants directly. Results. 171 patients completed the study out of which 88 (51.5%) were males and 83 (48.5%) were females. The study subjects included HIV-positive, treatment na¨ıve patients who were started on treatment regimens recommended by the NACOguidelines. The ADRs observed were a fall in haemoglobin or absolute anaemia in response to zidovudine, nonspecific symptoms like headache, and a nonspecific feeling of being unwell in response to tenofovir, stavudine, and efavirenz; dyslipidaemia, pancreatitis, peripheral neuropathy, and lactic acidosis in response to stavudine; generalised rash in response to nevirapine and one case of nephrotoxicity to efavirenz. Majority of the ADRs satisfied the ‘probable’ category (60.1%), and the rest were “possible”. ADRs to zidovudine and nevirapine superseded all others. Interpretation and Conclusion. Gastrointestinal effects were the most commonly observed group of ADRs, with nausea being the most common ADR, the others being gastritis and diarrhoea. The other ADRs included rash, hepatotoxicity, blood dyscrasias like anaemia, neutropenia, and thrombocytopenia, and fatigue. Few cases of lactic acidosis, peripheral neuropathy, headache, lipoatrophy, and pancreatitis were reported.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Antiretroviral Therapy, Adverse Drug Reactions
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Pharmacology
Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Medicine
Depositing User: KMCMLR User
Date Deposited: 03 Aug 2018 09:25
Last Modified: 03 Aug 2018 09:25
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/151690

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