Co-administration of APD668, a G protein-coupled receptor 119 agonist and linagliptin, a DPPIV inhibitor, prevents progression of steatohepatitis in mice fed on a high trans-fat diet

Shenoy, Rekha R (2018) Co-administration of APD668, a G protein-coupled receptor 119 agonist and linagliptin, a DPPIV inhibitor, prevents progression of steatohepatitis in mice fed on a high trans-fat diet. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 495. pp. 1608-1613. ISSN 1090-2104

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Abstract

Non-Alcoholic SteatoHepatitis (NASH) is the more severe form of Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) and is characterized by the presence of hepatic steatosis, oxidative stress, inflammation, hepatocyte injury with or without fibrosis. Recently, GPR119 receptor has emerged as a novel therapeutic target for the treatment of dyslipidemia and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis. In the present study, we investigated the effect of APD668, a GPR119 agonist alone or in combination with linagliptin, a DPPIV inhibitor on the progression of steatohepatitis in mice fed on a high trans-fat diet. In this study, monotherapy with either APD668 or linagliptin caused a reduction in the levels of ALT, AST, glucose, cholesterol and epididymal fat mass but the effect was more pronounced upon treatment with combination of both drugs. On the other hand, combined treatment of APD668 with linagliptin demonstrated a non-significant additive effect in reduction of hepatic triglyceride (−78%) and cholesterol (−56%) compared to monotherapy groups. Moreover, co-administration of APD668 and linagliptin resulted in enhanced levels of active GLP-1 with additional benefit of significant synergistic decrease in body weight gain (−19%) in mice. We speculated that the enhanced effect observed with the combination treatment could be due to either 1) direct activation of GPR119 receptors present in liver and intestine or 2) enhanced active GLP-1 levels or 3) decreased degradation of GLP-1 in-vivo through DPPIV inhibition. Therefore, these findings clearly suggest that GPR119 receptor agonists in combination with DPPIV inhibitors may represent a promising therapeutic strategy for the treatment of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: GPR119 agonist; GLP-1DPPIV inhibitor; Dyslipidemia; NASH
Subjects: Pharmacy > MCOPS Manipal > Pharmacology
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 23 Aug 2018 11:10
Last Modified: 23 Aug 2018 11:10
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/151852

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