Demography and birth seasonality in the Nicobar long-tailed macaque (Macaca fascicularis umbrosus)

Pal, Arijit and Kumara, Honnavalli N and Velankar, Avadhoot D and Mishra, Partha Sarathi and Singh, Mewa (2018) Demography and birth seasonality in the Nicobar long-tailed macaque (Macaca fascicularis umbrosus). CURRENT SCIENCE, 114 (8). pp. 1732-1737. ISSN 0011-3891

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Abstract

The Nicobar long-tailed macaque (Macaca fascicularis umbrosus) is confined to the southern and central Nicobar archipelago. We have collected demographic and birth data for five groups of M. f. umbrosus to understand their group structure, demography and breeding seasonality. Group size, individuals in age– sex classes and age–sex ratio did not vary between the groups and years. The birth rate was neither associated with the number of adult females in the group nor with group size. The number of births in a month was positively correlated with rainfall, and about 71% of the births occurred during the rainy season, though, the number of births did not vary systematically among the months. Perhaps, higher availability of food resources in the wet season than the rest of the year may support lactation in females and provide food for the weaned infants. The similarity in some demographic traits between the Nicobar long-tailed macaque and other subspecies indicates that these traits may be conserved over evolutionary time, while for other traits, differences among subspecies may reflect the effect of local conditions and recent histories. This is the first report on demography and birth seasonality of this unique subspecies of the long-tailed macaque.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Birth rate; demography; group size; population dynamics.
Subjects: Research > Research Center - Health Sciences
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 12 Sep 2018 09:51
Last Modified: 12 Sep 2018 09:51
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/151959

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