Evaluation of different visual method used, to enhance communication skills between dental care providers and speech and hearing impaired patients

Gupta, Lokendra and Jain, Pankhuri and Mora, Lalith Nag and Mujho, Tohina (2018) Evaluation of different visual method used, to enhance communication skills between dental care providers and speech and hearing impaired patients. Indian Journal of Dental Research, 29 (4). pp. 418-422. ISSN 0970-9290

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Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and retentiveness of various communication methods among speech and hearing impaired patients and dental practitioners. Materials and Methods: A group of 33 school participants were selected for this study. An experimental task required the participants to follow routine dental instructions in the form of videotape and photographic charts and answer the questionnaire based on visual instructions. School participants were visited two times at an interval of 1 month. Participants were randomly divided into three groups, each consisting of 11 school participants, irrespective of gender and age. Group 1 received visual instructions without showing video and charts, Group 2 received video instructions, and Group 3 received photographic instructions. The questionnaires were assessed immediately and after 1 month. Results: The study results were assessed in terms of improvement in knowledge concerning communication skills and long‑term retention of the instructions for 1 month. ANOVA followed by post hoc Tukey test revealed a significant difference between Group 1 and other groups. However, there was no statistically significant difference between Group 2 and Group 3. The paired t‑test revealed that there was a significant difference between the two visits in Group 1. However, there was no significant difference between visit 1 and visit 2 in Group 2 and Group 3. Conclusion: Health‑care workers and patients with special needs like hearing‑impaired patients should overcome communication barriers that may hinder proper diagnosis and treatment planning.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Chart; communication; hearing impaired; speech; video.
Subjects: Dentistry > MCODS Manipal > Preventive and Community Dentistry
Dentistry > MCODS Manipal > Prosthodontics
Dentistry > MCODS Manipal > Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 17 Sep 2018 04:31
Last Modified: 17 Sep 2018 04:31
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/151964

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