Effect of physical activity during pregnancy on gestational diabetes mellitus

Shetty, Avinash and Rao, Chythra R and Nayak, Sathisha and Kamath, Asha (2018) Effect of physical activity during pregnancy on gestational diabetes mellitus. Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism, 22 (5). pp. 661-671. ISSN 2230-8210

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Abstract

Aims: The present study evaluates association between physical activity and Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM), for it can be an effective intervention for its management. Though physical activity helps maintain glucose homeostasis, evidences of GDM risk are less extensive. Therefore, this study also identifies its correlation with maternal blood glucose levels. Materials and Methods: A prospective case-control study was carried out among pregnant women attending regular antenatal clinic at two private hospitals. The study comprised of 100 cases and 273 matched controls. Data was collected by personal interviews using a standard questionnaire. Physical activity was assessed using long form of International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) reported as Metabolic Equivalent-Minutes per week (MET-Minutes/ Week). Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) was used for analysis. Results: Results shows high exposure rates for low-to-moderate physical activity among cases, across all domains and sub-activities. The odds of GDM engaged in domestic and gardening activities for <2999 MET-minutes per week are 10 times higher than involved for ≥3000 MET-minutes per week (P < 0.001). The study also shows poor or no correlation between physical activity during pregnancy and maternal blood glucose levels. Conclusion: Despite existence of poor or no relationship with maternal blood glucose levels, prolonged sedentary behavior and decreased physical activities, especially domestic, are potential risk factors for GDM, a major finding of the study.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Exercise in pregnancy; gestational diabetes mellitus; International Physical Activity Questionnaire; maternal blood glucose level; oral glucose tolerance test; physical activity.
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Manipal > Community Medicine
Departments at MU > Statistics
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 29 Oct 2018 06:00
Last Modified: 29 Oct 2018 06:01
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/152164

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