Screening of Obstructive Sleep Apnea: A Review of Questionnaire-based Tools

Joseph, Nitin and Shenoy, Anjana Bhami and Manikandan, Nivetha and Devu, KRISHNA T (2018) Screening of Obstructive Sleep Apnea: A Review of Questionnaire-based Tools. Clinical Pulmonary Medicine, 25 (6). pp. 209-214. ISSN 10680640

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Abstract

Abstract: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a significant problem resulting from the obstruction of the upper airway. It leads to cardiovascular disorders, cognitive impairment, epilepsy, fatigue, sleepiness, diabetes, and perioperative complications. It is important to identify and treat OSA before it leads to other comorbidities. Thus, reliable questionnaire-based methods have been developed for screening this disease. This review article elaborates the most common questionnaires used for the screening of OSA: the STOP questionnaire, STOP-Bang questionnaire, Berlin questionnaire, Epworth Sleepiness Scale, Fatigue Severity Scale, and the 4-Variable Screening Tool. Of these questionnaire-based screening tools, it was found that the STOPBang questionnaire was the most sensitive screening tool for OSA. It is a quick and reliable method that can be used during routine practice to screen for OSA and to stratify patients into high-risk and low-risk groups before they can be subjected to further evaluation by polysomnography.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Obstructive sleep apnea, STOP questionnaire, STOP-Bang questionnaire, Berlin questionnaire
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Community Medicine
Depositing User: KMCMLR User
Date Deposited: 04 Jan 2019 09:03
Last Modified: 04 Jan 2019 09:03
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/152694

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