Usage of fagerstrom test for nicotine dependence amongst Dental outpatients visiting hospitals and health care centers in Coastal karnataka, south india – a cross sectional study

Vasthare, Ramprasad and Kulkarni, Muralidhar M and Ran, Arron Lim Yan and Kumar, Santhosh and Dhar, Murali and Raj, Aravind E (2018) Usage of fagerstrom test for nicotine dependence amongst Dental outpatients visiting hospitals and health care centers in Coastal karnataka, south india – a cross sectional study. International Journal Of Scientific Research, 7 (11). pp. 41-45. ISSN 22778179

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Abstract

Aim: The present study aimed at assessing the levels of addiction among tobacco users of both the smoking and smokeless variety, in Udupi taluk of Karnataka State. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was done among 574 outpatients in Udupi taluk using Stratied Random Sampling Method. A 6 item modied Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence Scale for Smokers and Smokeless Tobacco was used to assess the participants’ level of addiction to tobacco, in both the smoking and the smokeless form. The data obtained was analysed statistically using SPSS version 20.0 software. Chi-square test was used for comparison and p-value < 0.05 was considered to be signicant. Results: Out of 574 participants, 234 were smokers and 340 were smokeless tobacco users. Within the age range of 18-70 years old, smokers had a mean Fagerstrom score of 6.04 ± 1.188 while smokeless tobacco users had 9.93 ± 1.662. The majority had moderate to high dependency. Females who were smoking recorded higher mean Fagerstrom scores. Conclusion: It is vital to recognize that the degree of addiction is an important determinant in successful quit attempts for both male and female tobacco users. This data builds a preliminary consideration and platform for appropriate policy development

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Tobacco Use Disorder, Behaviour, Addictive, Tobacco smoking, Tobacco smokeless
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Manipal > Community Medicine
Dentistry > MCODS Manipal > Preventive and Community Dentistry
Dentistry > MCODS Manipal > Pedodontics and preventive Dentistry
Departments at MU > Statistics
Medicine > KMC Manipal > Psychiatry
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 14 Jan 2019 11:08
Last Modified: 14 Jan 2019 11:08
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/152954

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