Knowledge Assessment of E-Bug Assisted Antimicrobial Resistance Education Module in Class VII School Students of South Indian Coastal Town of Manipal

Fernandes, Reona and Naik, Swathi and Bhat, Archana Gururaj and Shetty, Rashmi and Hande, Manjunatha H and Rao, Mahadev and Kunhikatta, Vijayanarayana and Pathiraj, John Preshanth Kumar (2019) Knowledge Assessment of E-Bug Assisted Antimicrobial Resistance Education Module in Class VII School Students of South Indian Coastal Town of Manipal. Journal of Clinical Medicine, 8 (84). pp. 1-9. ISSN 2077-0383

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Abstract

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a recognized public health threat today globally.Although many active and passive stewardship strategies are advocated to counter AMR clinically,educating school going children on AMR could be a cost- effective measure to minimize AMR development in the future. We implemented NICE’s e-bug as a module to educate class VII school students on AMR determinants. A prospective quasi-experimental study on 327 students from nine different schools of class VII around Manipal town, Udupi district, Karnataka state, India were included in the study. Ten questions on AMR determinants from the e-bug program were used in written pre-test. After an education intervention, a post-test was conducted. Descriptive statistics to estimate epidemiological characteristics,Wilcoxon Signed Ranks and Kruskal– allis tests were applied to analyze statistical significance of pre/post-test performance scores and between schools.Students had inadequate knowledge on seven AMR determinants (antimicrobial indication, its course,hand hygiene, fermentation, spread of infection, microbial multiplication and characteristics of microbe) as analyzed from the post-test performance (p < 0.05). Comparison of post-test performance between schools showed significant improvement in scores (p < 0.05) for three questions (definition on antimicrobial, cover while cough/sneezing and microbial characteristics). Although students exhibited sub-optimal knowledge on some AMR determinants, they showed keenness to learn,which was evident by their post-test performance. Our findings and previous similar studies from Europe are suggestive of early pedagogic interventions on AMR through inclusion of such education modules in the regular school curriculum could be a potential tool for AMR prevention.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Antimicrobial resistance; Stewardship; Community; School; Students; e-bug; Education; Pharmacists; India
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Manipal > Medicine
Pharmacy > MCOPS Manipal > Pharmacy Practice
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 17 Jan 2019 04:15
Last Modified: 17 Jan 2019 04:15
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/153033

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