Psychological distress among college students of coastal district of Karnataka: A community-based cross-sectional survey

John, Soyuz and Jain, Praveen A (2018) Psychological distress among college students of coastal district of Karnataka: A community-based cross-sectional survey. Asian Journal of Psychiatry, 38. pp. 20-24. ISSN 1876-2018

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Abstract

Background: Common Mental Disorders (CMDs) are frequent among adolescents and early adults. National Mental Health Survey of India 2015–2016 shows alarming results, especially for depression. This study explored the prevalence of psychological distress among college students. Additionally, the relationship between gender,living arrangement with psychological distress in various educational streams were explored.Materials and Methods: Through a cross-sectional community-based survey a total of 4839 college going students of various educational streams in Mangalore, Karnataka were assessed for psychological distress with Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20).Results: Participants had median age of 19 (range=9) years and the majority (59.5%) were females. The median SRQ score was 4 (range 20) and about 28.5% of students were found to be psychologically stressed. The suicidal ideation was reported by 13.6% of the students. Engineering and Arts/science/commerce students had significantly higher psychological distress scores as compared to health and allied sciences (k=47.7;p < 0.001) and those who were staying with families (U=2,687,648.5; p=0.004) reported higher levels of psychological distress in comparison to those who were staying away from their families.Conclusion: Prevalence of psychological distress was high among students, especially non-medical students,students who were staying with their families, and those who were younger in age. A significant proportion of students had suicidal ideation, which needs early mental health interventions at the college level.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Psychological distress; College students; Educational streams; Suicidal ideation
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Manipal > Psychiatry
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 02 Feb 2019 03:54
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2019 03:54
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/153127

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