Vernonia cinerea (neichitti keerai) regenerates proximal tubules in cisplatininduced Renal damage in mice

Amuthan, Arul and Devi, Vasudha and Sreedhara, CS and Rao, Venkata Josyula and Jasphin, Shiny (2019) Vernonia cinerea (neichitti keerai) regenerates proximal tubules in cisplatininduced Renal damage in mice. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, 12 (1). pp. 332-335. ISSN 0974-2441

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Abstract

Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate whether Vernonia cinerea (VC) regenerates the proximal renal tubular cells in cisplatin-induced necrosis in male Swiss albino mice.Methods: The crude aqueous extract (CAE) of VC was fractionated from non-polar to polar using different solvents. Mice were injected a single dose of cisplatin (15 mg/kg) on day 1, which took 5 days to cause maximal renal damage. From day 6, CAE and all fractions were orally administered (200, 300, and 400 mg/kg) for 5 continuous days. On day 11, blood was collected to estimate urea and creatinine. Kidney was collected for histology and grading was done.Results: Cisplatin induced proximal renal tubular damage (grade 5) in corticomedullary junction, characterized by necrosis, proximal tubular dilatation, inflammation and vasodilation. Aqueous fraction (AF) did not show any regeneration; whereas, 400 mg/kg dose of CAE and butanol fraction (BF) showed a significant reduction (p<0.001) in proximal tubular damage (Grade 3) and 50–75% regeneration of proximal tubular epithelial cells.Conclusion: This is the first study to demonstrate the regenerative potential of Neichitti kashayam (CAE of VC) and its BF in cisplatin-induced proximal tubular damage in kidney. Further study is warranted to find out the dose regimen for complete regeneration, lead compounds, and molecular mechanism.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Siddha; Ayurveda; Nephrotoxicity; Renal tubular damage; Tubular cells; Regeneration
Subjects: Medicine > MMMC Manipal > Pharmacology
Pharmacy > MCOPS Manipal > Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
Pharmacy > MCOPS Manipal > Pharmacognosy
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 02 Feb 2019 03:59
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2019 03:59
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/153131

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