Aspartyl proteases in Candida glabrata are required for suppression of the host innate immune response

Rasheed, Mubashshir and Battu, Anamika (2018) Aspartyl proteases in Candida glabrata are required for suppression of the host innate immune response. The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 293 (17). pp. 6410-6430.

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A family of 11 cell surface-associated aspartyl proteases (CgYps1–11), also referred as yapsins, is a key virulence factor in the pathogenic yeast Candida glabrata. However, the mechanism by which CgYapsins modulate immune response and facilitate survival in the mammalian host remains to be identified. Here, using RNA-Seq analysis, we report that genes involved in cell wall metabolism are differentially regulated in the Cgyps1– 11 mutant. Consistently, the mutant contained lower-glucan and mannan levels and exhibited increased chitin content in the cell wall. As cell wall components are known to regulate the innate immune response, we next determined the macrophage transcriptional response to C. glabrata infection and observed differential expression of genes implicated in inflammation, chemotaxis, ion transport, and the tumor necrosis factor signaling cascade. Importantly, the Cgyps1–11 mutant evoked a different immune response, resulting in an enhanced release of the pro-inflammatory cytokine IL-1 in THP-1 macrophages. Further, Cgyps1–11–induced IL-1 production adversely affected intracellular proliferation of co-infected WT cells and depended on activation of spleen tyrosine kinase (Syk) signaling in the host cells. Accordingly, the Syk inhibitor R406 augmented intracellular survival of the Cgyps1–11 mutant. Finally, we demonstrate that C. glabrata infection triggers elevated IL-1 production in mouse organs and that the CgYPS genes are required for organ colonization and dissemination in the murine model of systemic infection. Altogether, our results uncover the basis for macrophage-mediated killing of Cgyps1– 11 cells and provide the first evidence that aspartyl proteases in C. glabrata are required for suppression of IL-1 production in macrophages.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Research > Research Center - Health Sciences
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 14 Feb 2019 03:57
Last Modified: 14 Feb 2019 03:57

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