Mycobacterium tuberculosis PPE18 Protein Reduces Inflammation and Increases Survival in Animal Model of Sepsis

Dolasia, Komal (2018) Mycobacterium tuberculosis PPE18 Protein Reduces Inflammation and Increases Survival in Animal Model of Sepsis. The Journal of Immunology, 200 (10). pp. 1-12. ISSN 1550-6606

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Abstract

Mycobacterium tuberculosis PPE18 is a member of the PPE family. Previous studies have shown that recombinant PPE18 (rPPE18) protein binds to TLR2 and triggers a signaling cascade which reduces levels of TNF-a and IL-12, and increases IL-10 in macrophages. Because TNF-a is a major mediator of the pathophysiology of sepsis and blocking inflammation is a possible line of therapy in such circumstances, we tested the efficacy of rPPE18 in reducing symptoms of sepsis in a mouse model of Escherichia coli–induced septic peritonitis. rPPE18 significantly decreased levels of serum TNF-a, IL-1b, IL-6, and IL-12 and reduced organ damage in mice injected i.p. with high doses of E. coli. Peritoneal cells isolated from rPPE18 treated mice had characteristics of M2 macrophages which are protective in excessive inflammation. Additionally, rPPE18 inhibited disseminated intravascular coagulation, which can cause organ damage resulting in death. rPPE18 was able to reduce sepsis-induced mortality when given prophylactically or therapeutically. Additionally, in a mouse model of cecal ligation and puncture–induced sepsis,rPPE18 reduced TNF-a, alanine transaminase, and creatinine, attenuated organ damage, prevented depletion of monocytes and lymphocytes, and improved survival. Our studies show that rPPE18 has potent anti-inflammatory properties and can serve as a novel therapeutic to control sepsis.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Research > Research Center - Health Sciences
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2019 04:11
Last Modified: 18 Feb 2019 04:11
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/153287

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