Hypomorphic Mutations in TONSL Cause SPONASTRIME Dysplasia

Katta, Girisha M and Neethukrishna, K and Bhavani, Gandham SriLakshmi and Shukla, Anju (2019) Hypomorphic Mutations in TONSL Cause SPONASTRIME Dysplasia. The American Journal of Human Genetics, 104 (3). pp. 439-453. ISSN 0002-9297

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SPONASTRIME dysplasia is a rare, recessive skeletal dysplasia characterized by short stature, facial dysmorphism, and aberrant radiographic findings of the spine and long bone metaphysis. No causative genetic alterations for SPONASTRIME dysplasia have yet been determined. Using whole-exome sequencing (WES), we identified bi-allelic TONSL mutations in 10 of 13 individuals with SPONASTRIME dysplasia. TONSL is a multi-domain scaffold protein that interacts with DNA replication and repair factors and which plays critical roles in resistance to replication stress and the maintenance of genome integrity. We show here that cellular defects in dermal fibroblasts from affected individuals are complemented by the expression of wild-type TONSL. In addition, in vitro cell-based assays and in silico analyses of TONSL structure support the pathogenicity of those TONSL variants. Intriguingly, a knock-in (KI) Tonsl mouse model leads to embryonic lethality, implying the physiological importance of TONSL. Overall, these findings indicate that genetic variants resulting in reduced function of TONSL cause SPONASTRIME dysplasia and highlight the importance of TONSL in embryonic development and postnatal growth.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Manipal > Medical Genetics
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 09 Mar 2019 11:14
Last Modified: 11 May 2022 05:52
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/153423

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