Effect of Zn substitution in Cr3+ doped MgAl2O4 mixed spinel nanoparticles on red/NIR emission properties

Shreekrishna, Karthik HG and Menon, Samvit G and Hebbar, Deepak N and Choudhari, KS and Santhosh, C and Kulkarni, Suresh D (2019) Effect of Zn substitution in Cr3+ doped MgAl2O4 mixed spinel nanoparticles on red/NIR emission properties. Materials Research Bulletin, 111. pp. 294-300. ISSN 0025-5408

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Red/Near-infrared (NIR) emitting Mg1-xZnxAl1.98Cr0.02O4 nanoparticles were synthesized by co-precipitation followed by firing(1200 °C). Gradual shift of XRD peaks with Zn-content confirmed complete solid-solution formation. HRTEM revealed hexagonal sheet-like structures and lattice fringes revealed their single-crystallinity.Owing to refractory nature of MgAl2O4, particles were smaller(∼38 nm) in Mg-rich samples and gradually increased(∼58 nm) with Zn-substitution. Due to trigonal distortion, the fine splitting of the 4T1g level of Cr3+manifests as asymmetric band(400 nm) in the excitation spectrum. Cr3+ emission was clearly observed, comprising of R-line and multi-phonon side-bands on either side, with maximum R-line intensity for x=0.5. With increasing x, side-bands were more pronounced probably due to the band-gap difference of end members. High Dq/B (3.5–3.9), suggested Cr3+ in a strong crystal-field. Racah-parameter(B) variations suggest increased electron delocalization over molecular orbitals for higher Mg2+ substitutions. Longer lifetimes (23–34 ms) are well-suited for bioimaging and optoelectronic applications. Such a simple synthesis can be easily extended to other important phosphors.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Phosphors; ZnAl2O4; MgAl2O4; Luminescence; Oxide ceramics; Nanoparticles
Subjects: Departments at MU > Atomic Molecular Physics
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 09 Mar 2019 11:18
Last Modified: 09 Mar 2019 11:18
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/153425

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