Designed protein reveals structural determinants of extreme kinetic stability

Rafalia, Hitesh (2015) Designed protein reveals structural determinants of extreme kinetic stability. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 112 (47). pp. 14605-14610. ISSN 0369-8211

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The design of stable, functional proteins is difficult. Improved design requires a deeper knowledge of the molecular basis for design outcomes and properties. We previously used a bioinformatics and energy function method to design a symmetric superfold protein composed of repeating structural elements with multivalent carbohydrate- binding function, called ThreeFoil. This and similar methods have produced a notably high yield of stable proteins. Using a battery of experimental and computational analyses we show that despite its small size and lack of disulfide bonds, ThreeFoil has remarkably high kinetic stability and its folding is specifically chaperoned by carbohydrate binding. It is also extremely stable against thermal and chemical denaturation and proteolytic degradation. We demonstrate that the kinetic stability can be predicted and modeled using absolute contact order (ACO) and long-range order (LRO), as well as coarse-grained simulations; the stability arises from a topology that includes many long-range contacts which create a large and highly cooperative energy barrier for unfolding and folding. Extensive data from proteomic screens and other experiments reveal that a high ACO/ LRO is a general feature of proteins with strong resistances to denaturation and degradation. These results provide tractable approaches for predicting resistance and designing proteins with sufficient topological complexity and long-range interactions to accommodate destabilizing functional features as well as withstand chemical and proteolytic challenge.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: SDS/protease resistance; protein folding; coarse-grained simulations; protein topology; contact order.
Subjects: Research > Research Center - Health Sciences
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 19 Mar 2019 05:59
Last Modified: 19 Mar 2019 05:59

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