Knowledge decay in undergraduate education in paediatrics

*, Basavaprabhu Achappa and *, Soundarya Mahalingam and Kulkarni, Vaman (2019) Knowledge decay in undergraduate education in paediatrics. Sri Lanka Journalof Child Health, 48 (1). pp. 65-70. ISSN 13915452

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Abstract

Background: Knowledge decay, or poor retention, is a problem experienced among the undergraduate students and even by their teaching faculty. During the undergraduate course in paediatrics, this knowledge decay is seen between the first (4th semester) and second (8th semester) clinical posting with wasting of time and faculty resources in reinforcement of this acquired knowledge again. Objectives: To identify the extent and reasons for the knowledge decay in undergraduate medical education in paediatrics. Method: Mixed method comparative study was conducted among 8th semester students posted in Department of Paediatrics. The end of posting multiple choice questions (MCQ) test in 4th semester was re-administered as a pre-test in 8th semester along with open ended questions for their reasons. The marks obtained in both tests were compared and analysed using the paired t-test. Results: The marks of 225 students were compared between the 2 posting sessions. Decay of acquired knowledge was found to be statistically significant among all sections of paediatrics, with the most decay being in the knowledge of anthropometry and least decay in infectious diseases and haematology. The long gap between the two postings, lack of theory knowledge and paediatrics not being an examination subject in the second year, were the reasons given for the decay. Conclusions: Significant loss of acquired knowledge was found in paediatrics between 4th and 8th semester clinical postings after initial good acquisition. The lack of reinforcement in the intervening years was the main reason for knowledge decay from the students’ perspective.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Knowledge decay, retention, reinforcement
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Paediatrics
Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Community Medicine
Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Medicine
Depositing User: KMCMLR User
Date Deposited: 18 Mar 2019 11:16
Last Modified: 18 Mar 2019 11:16
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/153474

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