Association of haemoglobin level during pregnancy and iron supplementation on postpartum anaemia: a community based cross sectional study

Kumar, Ashwini and Rao, Chythra R and Kamath, Asha (2016) Association of haemoglobin level during pregnancy and iron supplementation on postpartum anaemia: a community based cross sectional study. National Journal of Research in Community Medicine, 5 (2). pp. 82-86. ISSN 2277-1522

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Abstract

Introduction: Anaemia affects more than 50% of women in reproductive age group. India is one of the countries with high prevalence of anaemia and is one of the main contributors for maternal deaths , According to NFHS 3 data iron deficiency is seen in all the age group especially in reproductive age group. More than 70% of women are found to be anaemic in a study conducted in northern India. Around 30% of mothers became anaemic during postpartum period who were having normal haemoglobin levels during pregnancy. Methods: The present community based cross sectional study was conducted in rural field practice area of Kasturba medical College. Study population included postnatal mothers visiting our rural clinic. Details regarding iron and folic acid consumption were obtained from Proforma which was formulated after extensive review of literature and haemoglobin estimation was done by using indirect cyanomethaemoglobin method. The collected data was entered and analyzed using SPSS version17.0.Results were expressed in the form of percentages and proportions. Results: Significant association was found between anaemia during postnatal period with hemoglobin level during pregnancy.(OR=2.64,95% CI = 1.14-8.08). No significant association was observed between type of iron supplementation, gestational age of starting iron supplementation and number of tablets consumed during pregnancy with anaemia during postnatal period. Conclusion: Higher prevalence of anaemia was noted in mothers having lower hemoglobin level during antenatal period and was found to be statistically significant. Community based educational programmes should be initiated to increase awareness among mothers regarding consumption of IFA tablets on a regular basis and to dispel the myths and misconceptions related to its consumption.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Iron and folic acid; postnatal; anaemia.
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Manipal > Community Medicine
Departments at MU > Statistics
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 23 Mar 2019 05:54
Last Modified: 23 Mar 2019 05:54
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/153489

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