Profile of Mortalities due to Alcohol and Drug Consumption in Road and Rail Traffic Accidents in Mangaluru, a Coastal City of Karnataka, India

SARTHAK, SUBHAM and Shetty, Suresh Kumar B and Rao, Jagadish Padubidri and Shetty, Pavanchand H and D’Souza, Haneil Larson and Shetty, Adithi S and Kotian, Shashidar M (2019) Profile of Mortalities due to Alcohol and Drug Consumption in Road and Rail Traffic Accidents in Mangaluru, a Coastal City of Karnataka, India. Medico-Legal Update, 19 (1). pp. 113-117. ISSN 0971-720X

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Abstract

Objective: Several studies have demonstrated that driving under influence of alcohol and psychoactive drugs increases the risk of fatal accidents & hence increased mortality rates. This paper presents a retrospective study of Road & Rail traffic accidents in Mangaluru. Method: Over a six-year period (2010-2015), a total of 5226 autopsies were conducted at Govt. Wenlock Hospital, Mangaluru out of which 1261 were Vehicular accidents (1117 - Road, 144 - Rail) .Various parameters were looked in these cases such as age groups, gender, type of Vehicle involved, Victim status, time of day, day of the week (weekdays/weekend), Season, type of intoxication, accident site etc. Results: 15.85% (n = 177) of all the Road Traffic Deaths & 9.72% (n=14) of all Rail deaths occurred as a consequence of either alcohol (16.83%, n=188/191) or drug overdose (n=3). 42.93% of victims belonged to 56 and above age group. Most commonly the e the vehicle which were involved in accident were motorcycles (around 51.83% cases). Conclusions: The results of this study reveals a strong positive association between the presence of alcohol and psychoactive drugs in road & rail traffic accident victims. The matter of grave concern is increasing trend of drunken driving leading to fatal accidents among adolescent age-groups especially in motorcycle vehicles.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Road Traffic Accident, Rail traffic Accidents, Alcohol, Psychoactive drugs, Mangaluru, mortality.
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Community Medicine
Medicine > KMC Mangalore > Forensic Medicine
Depositing User: KMCMLR User
Date Deposited: 23 Mar 2019 05:21
Last Modified: 23 Mar 2019 05:21
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/153511

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