Improvement of the Production and Characterisation of Polyhydroxyalkanoate by Bacillus endophyticus Using Inexpensive Carbon Feedstock

Geethu, M and Vrundha, R and Raja, Selvaraj and Chandrashekar, Raghu H and Divyashree, MS (2019) Improvement of the Production and Characterisation of Polyhydroxyalkanoate by Bacillus endophyticus Using Inexpensive Carbon Feedstock. Journal of Polymers and the Environment, 27 (1). pp. 917-928. ISSN 1566-2543

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Abstract

The study aimed at the production and characterization of biopolymer polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) by Bacillus endophyticus. The usage of refined (sucrose 2–4%) and inexpensive unrefined (sugar cane molasses 2–4%) carbon source was evaluated by varying the media components via shake flask method and batch cultivation in bioreactor. The optimal PHA production of 10.7 g/L of PHA from 15.37 g/L of cell density was obtained using 4% sugarcane molasses (SCM) at 250 rpm using optimized medium obtained through statistical experimental design. Batch cultivation with increased agitation rate and addition of feeding nutrients provided by SCM significantly lead to enhanced PHA production by the test organism by increasing the overall cell density. According to the statistical model, the increase in the sugar concentration (>4%) by SCM had a negative effect on PHA production. Characterization by FTIR and 1 H NMR was performed to confirm the biopolymer that has been produced by Bacillus spp.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA); Bacillus endophyticus; Sugarcane molasses (SCM); Shake flask cultivation; Batch cultivation; Optimisation
Subjects: Pharmacy > MCOPS Manipal > Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 12 Apr 2019 08:50
Last Modified: 08 Jun 2019 08:54
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/153650

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