Feeding and swallowing difficulties in children with Down syndrome

*, Malavika Anakkathil Anil and S, Shabnam and S, Narayanan (2019) Feeding and swallowing difficulties in children with Down syndrome. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 63 (4). pp. 1-23. ISSN 09642633

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Abstract

Background The anatomical and physiological characteristics such as neuromotor coordination impairments and craniofacial and structural abnormalities frequently interfere with the acquisition of effective oral-motor skills which can in turn result in the development of potential feeding problems and swallowing dysfunction. The present study was undertaken with the aim of assessing the feeding and swallowing problems, if any, in children with Down syndrome in the age range of 2–7 years. Methods A questionnaire was formulated and administered on 17 children with Down syndrome (10 females and 7 males) and 47 typically developing children (20 females and 27 males). Results The present study revealed that feeding difficulties were predominantly present in children with Down syndrome. These difficulties were found in all the three phases of swallow and were greatest for solids followed by liquids. They also had issues with physical, functional and emotional aspects of feeding. Further, the children with Down syndrome exhibited poor orosensorimotor abilities which could have lead to the difficulties in feeding. Conclusions The study highlights the importance of including feeding assessment in the evaluation protocol of infants and children with Down syndrome.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Assessment, Down syndrome, Feeding,Swallowing
Subjects: Allied Health > Mangalore Campus > Speech and Hearing
Depositing User: KMCMLR User
Date Deposited: 17 Jun 2019 10:11
Last Modified: 17 Jun 2019 10:11
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/153972

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