Pathophysiology and diagnosis of Guillain–Barre´ syndrome – challenges and needs

Dash, Sambit and Pai, Aparna R and Kamath, Ullas and Rao, Pragna (2015) Pathophysiology and diagnosis of Guillain–Barre´ syndrome – challenges and needs. International Journal of Neuroscience, 125 (4). pp. 235-240. ISSN 0020-7454

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Abstract

Guillain–Barre´ syndrome (GBS) is an autoimmune polyneuropathy which presents with acute onset and rapid progression of flaccid, hyporeflexi quadriparesis. Both sensory and autonomic nerve involvement is seen. GBS has various subtypes that vary in their pathophysiology. The pathogenesis involves an immune response triggered by a preceding event which may be an infection, immunisation or surgical procedure. Clinical diagnosis has been largely the primary diagnosing criterion for GBS along with electrodiagnosis, which has several pitfalls and is supported by ancillary testing of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis and Nerve Conduction Studies. Measurement of anti-ganglioside antibodies is also an effective tool in its diagnosis. Further understanding of pathophysiology and better diagnostic methods are required for better management of GBS.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Autoimmunity; molecular mimicry; Campylobacter jejuni; anti-ganglioside antibodies; electrodiagnosis.
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Manipal > Biochemistry
Medicine > MMMC Manipal > Biochemistry
Medicine > KMC Manipal > Neurology
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2019 11:57
Last Modified: 21 Jun 2019 11:57
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/154021

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