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Biogenic synthesis of ferric oxide nanoparticles using the leaf extract of Peltophorum pterocarpum and their catalytic dye degradation potential

Anchan, Sanjana and Pai, Shraddha and Sridevi, H and Varadavenkatesan, Thivaharan and Ramesh, Vinayagam and Raja, Selvaraj (2019) Biogenic synthesis of ferric oxide nanoparticles using the leaf extract of Peltophorum pterocarpum and their catalytic dye degradation potential. Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology, 20. p. 101251. ISSN 1878-8181

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Abstract

Plant-mediated green synthesisof nanoparticles is aneco-friendly andcheap method sinceitmakesuse ofphytocompounds present in various plant parts as reducing and stabilizing agents. Herein, magnetic, ferric oxide nanoparticles (FONPs) were prepared by utilizing the leaf extract of Peltophorum pterocarpum for the first time. Rod-like FONPs with agglomerations were witnessed in FE-SEM images. Sharp peaks for elemental oxygen and iron were witnessed in EDS spectrum. XRD spectrum ascertained the crystallinity of the FONPs and showed both γand α–Fe2O3 phases. The average crystallite size was 16.99nm. A large specific surface area (66.44m2/g) was found in BET analysis and the FONPs were mesoporous (pore diameter=7.92nm). TGA results showed a 20% weight loss during heating up to 800°C. FTIR spectrum showed significant bands for various phyto-compounds and Fe–O. The Fenton-like catalytic efficiency of FONPs was studied for the methylene blue dye degradation during which 90% removal was noticed within 220min. The experimental results were satisfactorily fitted into a second-order model with a degradation constant of 0.0987L/mg min. Also, the catalytic activity of the FONPs was assessed for the removal of MB dye with the reducing agent NaBH4. A remarkable dye degradation (92%) was attained within 27min, and the results were best suited for a first-order model with a kinetic degradation constant of 0.0856min−1. Therefore, the green-synthesized FONPs obtained here could be used in the degradation of dyes as nanocatalysts for the remediation of wastewater

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Peltophorum pterocarpum,Green synthesis,Fe2O3 nanoparticles,Fenton-like catalysis,Methylene blue dye,NaBH4 reduction
Subjects: Engineering > MIT Manipal > Biotechnology
Engineering > MIT Manipal > Chemical
Engineering > MIT Manipal > Civil Engineering
Depositing User: MIT Library
Date Deposited: 02 Aug 2019 09:23
Last Modified: 13 Sep 2019 10:51
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/154299

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