Factors associated with social isolation among the older people in India

Kotian, Devaki B and Mathews, Maria and Parsekar, Shradha S and Nair, Suma (2018) Factors associated with social isolation among the older people in India. Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology, 31 (5). pp. 271-278. ISSN 0891-9887

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Objective: To explore the factors associated with social isolation among older people using the data from Building Knowledge Base on Population Ageing in India (BKPAI) survey. Methods: Multiple logistic regression and classification and regression tree (CART) analysis were used to identify the factors associated with social isolation using data from BKPAI survey. An individual was regarded as socially isolated if the response was “never” to all 4 activities in the last 12 months: (1) attending public meeting, (2) attending any group /club /organizational meeting, (3) attending any religious program, and (4) visiting friends or relatives. Results: Among 9836 older people, 19.7% were observed to be socially isolated. From multiple logistic regression, age (odds ratio [OR] ¼ 1.85 for age 80 to 89 years and OR ¼ 2.67 for age �90), religion (OR ¼ 0.54 for Christians compared to Hindus), duration of stay in current home (OR ¼ 0.64 for 6-10 years compared to >10 years of stay), number of activities of daily living (ADLs) for which the assistance was needed (OR ¼ 2.09 for 1 or 2, OR ¼ 3.14 for 3 or 4, and OR ¼ 12.05 for 5 or 6), and Alzheimer’s disease (OR ¼ 1.65) were identified as factors associated with social isolation. Number of ADL for which the assistance was needed and self-reported health status were the factors identified through CART analysis. Discussion: Requiring help in performing ADL, advancing age, and Alzheimer’s disease were the likely factors for socially isolation among elderly patients in this surveyed population.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: BKPAI; CART; India; older people; social isolation.
Subjects: Medicine > KMC Manipal > Community Medicine
Departments at MU > Statistics
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 20 Aug 2019 08:58
Last Modified: 20 Aug 2019 08:58
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/154412

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