Risk factors of neonatal sepsis in India: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Murthy, Shruti and Guddattu, Vasudeva and Lewis, Leslie and Nair, Sreekumaran N (2019) Risk factors of neonatal sepsis in India: A systematic review and meta-analysis. PLos One, 14 (4). pp. 1-26. ISSN 1932-6203

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Background: The incidence of neonatal sepsis in India is the highest in the world. Evidence regarding its risk factors can guide clinical practice and prevention strategies. Objective: To review, assess and synthesize the available literature from India on the risk factors of sepsis among neonates. Methodology :A systematic review was conducted. We searched PubMed, CINAHL, Scopus, Web of Science, Popline, IndMed, Indian Science Abstracts and Google Scholar from inception up to March 23, 2018 to identify observational analytical studies reporting on risk factors of laboratory-confirmed neonatal sepsis in India. Two authors independently screened studies (title, abstract and full-text stages), extracted data, and assessed quality. A random-effects metaanalysis was performed as substantial heterogeneity was anticipated. Subgroup and sensitivity analyses were additionally performed. Effect size in our review included odds ratio and standardized mean difference.adjustment, which limited comparability. Inadequacy and variation in definitions and methodology affected the quality of included studies and increased heterogeneity. Conclusions: Male neonates, outborn admissions, need for artificial ventilation, gestational age <37 weeks and premature rupture of membranes are risk factors for sepsis among neonates in India. Robustly designed and reported research is urgently needed to confirm the role of other risk factors of neonatal sepsis in India.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Departments at MU > Statistics
Medicine > KMC Manipal > Paediatrics
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2019 04:25
Last Modified: 13 Sep 2019 04:25
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/154454

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