Assessment of Health Literacy Rates and Implementation of Teach Back Method in a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in South India

Mohammed, Faraz Numan and Kamath, Rajesh and Somu, G and D’Souza, Bryal (2019) Assessment of Health Literacy Rates and Implementation of Teach Back Method in a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in South India. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 10 (6). pp. 56-61. ISSN 0976-0245

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Abstract

Improving health literacy levels would empower people to improve their capacity in using health related information effectively. The study period was six months: this included the collection of data, the analysis of the collected data,and the reporting of the results. The sample size was calculated to be 104.Each research subject was scheduled 4 appointments which included the pretest and posttest of the subject as well as the teaching part of the teach back program. The scores were graded accordingly into three grades. On the first visit the patient was administered a tool,newest vital sign,which has a nutrition label and a questionnaire.The subject would be explained about the label. After the explanation,the subject would be administered the questionnaire which has 6 questions. For every correct answer,an award of one point is made. A score between 0 and 1 points to a high probability of the patient having a literacy level that could be labelled as limited literacy. A score between 2 and 3 points to a medium probability of the patient having a literacy level that could be labelled as limited literacy. A score between 4 and 6 points to a level of literacy that could be labelled as sufficient to competently traverse the healthcare system. After the collection of pretest results,the teach back method of educating patients about health literacy will be implemented for two sessions and follow up will be done for the next two consecutive visit.The assessment of health literacy will be done on the fourth visit and analysis of results will be done to see the improvement if any. Out of 104 patients who attended the pre and the post-tests,the health literacy status was found to be higher among females compared to males in the pretest scores. With relation to age it was found that the people in the age group of 18-25 lacked knowledge on health literacy. The age group above 35 had higher literacy levels.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Health Literacy; Teach back method
Subjects: Departments at MU > Public Health
Medicine > KMC Manipal > Hospital Administration
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2019 05:43
Last Modified: 13 Sep 2019 05:43
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/154462

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