Risk Factors of Urolithiasis: A Case Control Study

Kunjumon, Merlin K and Nayak, Shalini G and D’Souza, Janet Prameela (2019) Risk Factors of Urolithiasis: A Case Control Study. International Journal of Caring Sciences, 12 (2). pp. 1193-1202. ISSN 17915201

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Abstract

Introduction: Urolithiasis is one of the most common disorders of the urinary tract. In India, 12% of the population is anticipated to have urolithiasis. Out of which 50% can end up with the renal damage. This study aimed to identify the dietary and lifestyle risk factors of urolithiasis in a tertiary care Hospital of South India.Materials and Methods: A case control study was conducted among 484 (242cases and 242 controls) patients attending the outpatient and inpatient departments of tertiary care hospital. Cases were matched on age and gender with controls. The data were collected between 28th December 2017 and 16th March 2018. The nonprobability purposive sampling technique was used.Results: The study showed statistically significant association between urolithiasis and consumption of tea (p=0.005), duration of high blood pressure (p=0.030) frequency of pickle intake in a week (p=0.007), salted nuts (p=0.001), condiments (p=0.003), frequency of meat intake in a week (p=0.001) and milk products (p=0.003).The odds of having urolithiasis among those who did not consume salted nuts is 2.139 times less than among those who consume salted nuts (OR=2.139, CI=1.112, 4.113). Other dietary factors such as intake of tea (OR=.463, CI=.259, .827), intake of pickle (OR=0.762, CI=.629, .923), and milk products (OR=0.485,CI=.310, .759) were had a reduced chance of getting urolithiasis.Discussion and Conclusion: The study concludes that, intake of salted nuts can lead to a significant increase in the risk of urolithiasis as compared to other risk factors such as consumption of tea, milk products and intake of pickle. And also is more seen in the age group of 41-65 years and being male gender. Even though urolithiasis is caused by several factors, it will be different from one geographical area to other. Patients, family and communities should be educated about the occurrence of disease and related risk factors and has to be followed in their daily life

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Kidney stone; Renal calculi; Risk factors; Case control study; South India
Subjects: Nursing > MCON Manipal > Medical Surgical
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2019 10:06
Last Modified: 25 Sep 2019 10:06
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/154587

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