Platelet factor 4 promotes rapid replication and propagation of dengue and japanese encephalitis viruses

Ojha, Amrita and Bhasym, Angika (2019) Platelet factor 4 promotes rapid replication and propagation of dengue and japanese encephalitis viruses. EBioMedicine, 39. pp. 332-337. ISSN 2352-3964

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Background: Activated platelets release cytokines/proteins including CXCL4 (PF4), CCL5 and fibrinopeptides, which regulate infection of several pathogenic viruses such as HIV, H1N1 and HCV in human. Since platelet activation is the hallmark of Dengue virus (DV) infection, we investigated the role of platelets in DV replication and also in a closely related Japanese Encephalitis virus (JEV). Methods and findings: Microscopy and PCR analysis revealed a 4-fold increase in DV replication in primary monocytes or monocytic THP-1 cells in vitro upon incubation with either DV-activated platelets or supernatant from DV-activated platelets. The mass spectrometry based proteomic data from extra-nuclear fraction of above THP-1 lysate showed the crucial association of PF4 with enhanced DV replication. Our cytokine analysis and immunoblot assay showed significant inhibition of IFN-α production in monocytes via p38MAPK-STAT2-IRF9 axis. Blocking PF4 through antibodies or its receptor CXCR3 through inhibitor i.e. AMG487, significantly rescued production of IFN-α resulting in potent inhibition of DV replication inmonocytes. Further, flowcytometry and ELISA data showed the direct correlation between elevated plasma PF4 with increased viral NS1 in circulating monocytes in febrile DV patients at day-3 of fever than day-9. Similarly, PF4 also showed direct effects in promoting the JEV replication in monocytes and microglia cells in vitro. The in vitro results were also validated in mice, where AMG487 treatment significantly improved the survival of JEV infected animals. Interpretation: Our study suggests that PF4-CXCR3-IFN axis is a potential target for developing treatment regimen against viral infections including JEV and DV.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Platelet cytokine PF4 ; DV and JEV replication and propagation ; Monocytes and microglia cells.
Subjects: Life Sciences > MLSC Manipal
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 08 Dec 2019 06:09
Last Modified: 08 Dec 2019 06:09

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