Mechanochemical Synthesis of Carvedilol Cocrystals Utilizing Hot Melt Extrusion Technology

Fernandes, Gasper Joseph and Rathnanand, Mahalaxmi (2019) Mechanochemical Synthesis of Carvedilol Cocrystals Utilizing Hot Melt Extrusion Technology. Journal of Pharmaceutical Innovation, 14 (4). pp. 373-381. ISSN 1872-5120

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Abstract

Purpose: To improve the solubility of carvedilol by preparing cocrystals utilizing solvent-free, continuous technology hot-melt extrusion. Methods: Cocrystals of carvedilol and nicotinamide were formed in a 1:2 ratio using hot-melt extrusion (HME) by altering the parameters associated with the temperature of barrels and screw speed of the shaft. The product was characterized by DSC, PXRD, and FTIR, while the morphology was determined by SEM. Saturation solubility studies and dissolution rate were compared with carvedilol. Results: The processing parameters in HME significantly affected the cocrystallization which improved on changing the temperature and screw speed (cocrystals were formed when the temperature was set above the eutectic melting point). The obtained carvedilol cocrystals showed a distinct difference in morphological characteristics as compared to pure drug. The cocrystals showed the presence of additional peaks in the DSC thermograph as well as band shifts in the infrared spectrum. The powder XRD of cocrystals showed the difference in the 2θ values as compared with carvedilol indicating an interaction between carvedilol and nicotinamide. The saturation solubility studies and in vitro dissolution studies showed of cocrystals showed an increase in solubility and drug release, respectively, in 0.1N HCl. Conclusion: Hence, cocrystallization utilizing HME marks an important advantage over other conventional techniques. A single step, continuous process, scalable, and solvent-free HME process proved to be the best method to produce cocrystals on a larger scale with maximum yield. However, to further decrease the number of manufacturing steps, efforts are being made to combine crystallization and formulation in a single step.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Carvedilol; cocrystals; hot melt extrusion; omicron 10P; solubility enhancement.
Subjects: Pharmacy > MCOPS Manipal > Pharmaceutics
Depositing User: KMC Library
Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2020 13:47
Last Modified: 24 Jan 2020 13:47
URI: http://eprints.manipal.edu/id/eprint/154851

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